What is a Time Series Database?
A Time Series Database (TSDB) is a database optimized for time-stamped or time series data. Time series data are simply measurements or events that are tracked, monitored, downsampled, and aggregated over time. This could be server metrics, application performance monitoring, network data, sensor data, events, clicks, trades in a market, and many other types of analytics data.
A Time Series Database is built specifically for handling metrics and events or measurements that are time-stamped. A TSDB is optimized for measuring change over time. Properties that make time series data very different than other data workloads are data lifecycle management, summarization, and large range scans of many records.
The whole InfluxData platform is built from an open source core. InfluxData is an active contributor to the Telegraf, InfluxDB, Chronograf and Kapacitor (TICK) projects as well as selling InfluxEnterprise and InfluxCloud on this open source core. The InfluxDB data model is quite different from other time series solutions like Graphite, RRD, or OpenTSDB. InfluxDB has a line protocol for sending time series data which takes the following form:
measurement-name tag-set field-set timestamp The measurement name is a string, the tag set is a collection of key/value pairs where all values are strings, and the field set is a collection of key/value pairs where the values can be int64, float64, bool, or string.
“As more people populate cities and miss nature, nature is moving to the city. But for nature cities to be a reality, we need to understand greenery performance from data. That’s why Spiio is using InfluxData to accelerate the green revolution.”
CTO • Spiio
“On scalability, we wanted to grow from monitoring about 1,000 units at first to 20 million units by 2020. So we also needed the system to be reliable and stable while growing between those two points. And we needed it to be fast, both for data collection and querying.”
Senior Developer • BBOXX
“Customers realize that the new user report generated with InfluxDB is cool and very fast, so they will use it more.”
Technical Lead • tado°
“Measurements help us make educated, data-driven decisions quickly. They are what keeps us in business. It drives the need for products like InfluxDB. If you can’t measure something to get results, you can’t possibly get better at it. Worse yet, you won’t know what you should be focusing on.”
SRE Monitoring • PayPal
Nearly every available surface in the physical world is being instrumented with sensors — streets, cars, factories, power grids, ice caps, satellites, clothing, phones, microwaves, milk containers, planets, even human bodies. This data is streaming in real time and will require companies to select an IoT data platform architecture that is resilient, scalable and extensible enough to handle these new workloads.
If businesses can properly harness all of this data, they can gain real-time insights, accelerate decision-making, perform automated tasks, and create value by enabling organizations to become data-driven.
Monitoring and tracking
Tracking battery performance, turbine production, package delivery status and generally visually monitoring sensor data provides incredible capabilities to the business and their customers. This is usually the first step in any successful IoT project.
Using historical data from sensors to gain insights that can be applied to the current situation creates a major competitive advantage. Predictive maintenance, optimized traffic routing, reduced churn management, and enhanced water conservation are all possible with IoT analytics.
Action and control
With the speed and velocity of events being generated by sensors, businesses want to act on this data in real time with no human interaction. For example, automatically shutting down a pump if a leak is detected, or changing wind turbine direction based on wind speed, all create an immediate business advantage.
IoT data characteristics
IoT data is time series data
IoT data is streaming data
IoT data is real-time
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