Wednesday, February 21, 2024
How ToIoT HardwaresRaspberry PiTutorials/DIY

Control LED with Raspberry Pi using Nodejs

In this tutorial we are using Node.js for controlling a LED using Raspberry Pi. Node.js is a very popular JavaScript-based environment, originally developed for the Google Chrome browser but now it is open source. This language runs on various platforms like Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc. We are going to Control LED with Raspberry Pi using Nodejs Webpage for this project. We use Express for web server. Express is a minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications. We will create an HTML page that has two buttons, one for turning led on and second for turning led off and a JavaScript file. Using this HTML page we can control led using any web browser.


  • Raspberry Pi
  • LED
  • Breadboard
  • 250-ohm resistor
  • Jumper Wires

Circuit Diagram

rpi nodejs

Start with installing Node.js on your Raspberry Pi using the below command, if you have not installed yet.

sudo apt-get update
curl -sL | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
sudo apt-get install build-essential

Now create a new directory and enter into the directory and create a JS file.

mkdir rpinodeled
cd rpinodeled
sudo nano nodeled.js

Copy and paste the below given code inside this file

var express = require('express'); 
var app = express();
var path = require('path');
var gpio = require('rpi-gpio');
gpio.setup(12, gpio.DIR_OUT);
app.set('view engine', 'ejs');
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));
console.log(path.join(__dirname, 'public'));
app.get('/', function(req, res){ 
            res.render('index',{status:"Press Button To change Status of Led !!"});
});'/led/on', function(req, res){
gpio.write(12, true, function(err) {
        if (err) throw err;
        console.log('Written True to pin');
            console.log(path.join(__dirname, 'public'));
            return res.render('index', {status: "Led is On"});
});'/led/off', function(req, res){
gpio.write(12, false, function(err) {
        if (err) throw err;
        console.log('Written False to pin');
            console.log(path.join(__dirname, 'public'));
            return res.render('index',{status: "Led is Off"});
app.listen(4000, function () {
  console.log('Simple LED Control Server Started on Port: 4000!')

Now make another folder inside the rpinodeled directory and go inside the folder:

mkdir views
cd views

Now create an HTML page inside the folder

sudo nano index.ejs

Then, paste the following HTML code inside this file:

<meta name="viewport" content="width=500, initial-scale=1"> <!--This line of code is for mobile responsive -->
<div class="BorderMargin">
<h1>Welcome to Nodejs LED Control Server - IoTbyHVM.OOO</h1>
<p> Visit <a href=""> </a> For more Raspberry Pi Tutorials and IoT Tutorials.

  <form action="/led/on" method="post">
    <button type="submit" class="button">LED On </button>
      <button type="submit" formmethod="post" formaction="/led/off" class="button button3">LED Off</button>

  <a>Led Status: <%=status %></a>
<!-- The below code is only for look and styling -->
.button {
    background-color: #4CAF50; /* Green */
    border: none;
    color: white;
    padding: 15px 32px;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 16px;
    margin: 4px 2px;
    cursor: pointer;

.button2 {background-color: #008CBA;} /* Blue */
.button3 {background-color: #f44336;} /* Red */ 
.button4 {background-color: #e7e7e7; color: black;} /* Gray */ 
.button5 {background-color: #555555;} /* Black */
.BorderMargin {

   margin: 10px;
   padding: 10px;
   max-width: 300px;
   height: 300px;
   border: 1px solid black;

Installing Packages for Node.js in Raspberry Pi

Now go to the rpinodeled directory and install packages for Node.js using the following command:

npm install

If this command shows an error then try installing the packages using their names:

npm install ‘package name’

For example npm install expression, npm install rpi-gpio etc.

npm install rpi-gpio
npm install express
npm install ejs
npm install path

Now after installing all the packages, run the JavaScript code:

sudo node nodeled.js

Now, navigate to your browser and search for the web page using 192.168.xx.xx:4000. Where 192.168.xx.xx is Pi’s IP address that you should replace with your Pi’s IP address and 4000 is port number.

Find IP address of Rpi, using the following command


rpi node dashboard

Now open rpinodeled folder and run nodeled.js

node nodeled.js

Hence, we have successfully controlled the LED using Node.js and Raspberry Pi. Also, check out our Other IoT projects using Raspberry Pi:

Harshvardhan Mishra

Hi, I'm Harshvardhan Mishra. Tech enthusiast and IT professional with a B.Tech in IT, PG Diploma in IoT from CDAC, and 6 years of industry experience. Founder of HVM Smart Solutions, blending technology for real-world solutions. As a passionate technical author, I simplify complex concepts for diverse audiences. Let's connect and explore the tech world together! If you want to help support me on my journey, consider sharing my articles, or Buy me a Coffee! Thank you for reading my blog! Happy learning! Linkedin

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