Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more effectively. It was created in 1991 by Guido van Rossum.
It is used for:
- web development (server-side),
- software development,
- system scripting.
What can Python do?
- Python can be used on a server to create web applications.
- Python can be used alongside software to create workflows.
- Python can connect to database systems. It can also read and modify files.
- Python can be used to handle big data and perform complex mathematics.
- Python can be used for rapid prototyping, or for production-ready software development.
- Python works on different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc).
- Python has a simple syntax similar to the English language.
- Python has syntax that allows developers to write programs with fewer lines than some other programming languages.
- Python runs on an interpreter system, meaning that code can be executed as soon as it is written. This means that prototyping can be very quick.
- Python can be treated in a procedural way, an object-orientated way or a functional way.
Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license, making it freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use. Python’s license is administered by the Python Software Foundation.
Some Best Python Books are given below.
Learning Python by David Ascher and Mark Lutz
Python is considered easy to learn, but there’s no quicker way to mastery of the language than learning from an expert teacher. This edition of Learning Python puts you in the hands of two expert teachers, Mark Lutz and David Ascher, whose friendly, well-structured prose has guided many a programmer to proficiency with the language.
Python Cookbook by Alex Martelli, Anna Martelli Ravenscroft, and David Ascher
The Python Cookbook is a collection of problems, solutions, and practical examples for Python programmers, written by Python programmers. Over the past year, members of the Python community have contributed material to an online repository of Python recipes hosted by ActiveState. This book contains the best of those recipes, accompanied by overviews and background material by key Python figures.
Learn Python the Hard Way by Zed Shaw
Zed Shaw has perfected the world’s best system for learning Python. Follow it and you will succeed-just like the hundreds of thousands of beginners Zed has taught to date! You bring the discipline, commitment, and persistence; the author supplies everything else.
In Learn Python the Hard Way, Third Edition, you’ll learn Python by working through 52 brilliantly crafted exercises.
Python Crash Course by Eric Matthes
Python Crash Course gets you up and running with Python, teaching you the basics quickly so that you can solve problems, make things, and do cool stuff. Each chapter explains a new programming concept and includes a set of exercises to help reinforce your new knowledge. Python Crash Course includes three hands-on projects to put your new programming skills into practice, so it’s not just syntax and theory. You’ll learn how to create a simple video game, use data visualization techniques to make interactive graphs and charts, and build a simple Web application. Python Crash Course teaches you Python the fun way—it’s quick, hands-on, and totally useful.
Python programming by John M. Zelle
This book is designed to be used as a primary textbook in a college-level first course in computing. It takes a fairly traditional approach, emphasizing problem solving, design, and programming as the core skills of computer science.