In this post we cover some essential information about Arduino, Arduino IDE and difference between Arduino and raspberry Pi.
Arduino is the world’s leading open-source hardware and software ecosystem. The Company offers a range of software tools, hardware platforms and documentation enabling almost anybody to be creative with technology. Arduino is a popular tool for IoT product development as well as one of the most successful tools for STEM/STEAM education. Hundreds of thousands of designers, engineers, students, developers and makers around the world are using Arduino to innovate in music, games, toys, smart homes, farming, autonomous vehicles, and more.
The first Arduino board was introduced in 2005 to help design students — who had no previous experience in electronics or microcontroller programming — to create working prototypes connecting the physical world to the digital world. Since then it has become the most popular electronics prototyping tool used by engineers and even large corporations.
The openness and ease-of-use of the project has led to mass adoption of micro-controller based electronics projects and was a catalyst in the creation of the Maker Movement. Arduino has become the number one choice for electronics makers, especially for developing solutions for the IoT marketplace, which has been predicted to become a $6 trillion market by 2021.
Arduino is an open-source platform used for building electronics projects. Arduino consists of both a physical programmable circuit board (often referred to as a microcontroller) and a piece of software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that runs on your computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board.
Arduino IDE ?
The Arduino integrated development environment (IDE) is a cross-platform application (for Windows, macOS, Linux) that is written in the programming language Java. It is used to write and upload programs to Arduino board. This IDE allows for program writing, code verfication, compiling, and uploading to the Arduino development board. Libraries and example code will also be installed.
The source code for the IDE is released under the GNU General Public License, version 2. The Arduino IDE supports the languages C and C++ using special rules of code structuring. The Arduino IDE supplies a software library from the Wiring project, which provides many common input and output procedures. User-written code only requires two basic functions, for starting the sketch and the main program loop, that are compiled and linked with a program stub main() into an executable cyclic executive program with the GNU toolchain, also included with the IDE distribution. The Arduino IDE employs the program avrdude to convert the executable code into a text file in hexadecimal encoding that is loaded into the Arduino board by a loader program in the board’s firmware.
In the Arduino Software page you will find two options:
- If you have a reliable Internet connection, you should use the online IDE (Arduino Web Editor). It will allow you to save your sketches in the cloud, having them available from any device and backed up. You will always have the most up-to-date version of the IDE without the need to install updates or community generated libraries.
If you would rather work offline, you should use the latest version of the desktop IDE.
To get step-by-step instructions select one of the following link accordingly to your operating system.
Recommended : Best Arduino IDE alternatives to start programming
Is Arduino software free?
An IDE for the Arduino microcontroller. Arduino is a free software electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It’s intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments.
Yes, it is (somewhat) possible to program the Arduino using Python. One such project on Github is the Python Arduino Prototyping API v2. It provides very basic functionality such as digital I/O and analog I/O.
Best Alternatives of Arduino IDE
Visit this – Best Arduino IDE alternatives to start programming
Can I Program ESP8266/ NodeMCU with Arduino IDE ?
Yes , you can. Visit this – Arduino Support for ESP8266 with simple test code
Which Board best for beginners ?
According to requirement you can choose board. You can use Generic Uno R3 ATmega328P.
What are the differences between Raspberry Pi and Arduino?
Raspberry Pi and Arduino are quite different boards. Each board has its own advantages and disadvantages. If you want to decide between the two, then it depends on the requirement of your project.
Below table gives you some differences between them.
|1||It is a mini computer with Raspbian OS.It can run multiple programs at a time.||Arduino is a microcontroller, which is a part of the computer. It runs only one program again and again.|
|2||It is difficult to power using a battery pack.||Arduino can be powered using a battery pack.|
|3||It requires complex tasks like installing libraries and software for interfacing sensors and other components||It is very simple to interface sensors and other electronic components to Arduino.|
|4||It is expensive||It is available for low cost.|
|5||Raspberry Pi can be easily connected to the internet using Ethernet port and USB Wi-Fi dongles.||Arduino requires external hardware to connect to the internet and this hardware is addressed properly using code.|
|6||Raspberry Pi did not have storage on board. It provides an SD card port.||Arduino can provide onboard storage.|
|7||Raspberry Pi has 4 USB ports to connect different devices.||Arduino has only one USB port to connect to the computer.|
|8||The processor used is from ARM family.||Processor used in Arduino is from AVR family Atmega328P|
|9||This should be properly shutdown otherwise there is a risk of files corruption and software problems.||This is a just plug and play device. If power is connected it starts running the program and if disconnected it simply stops.|
|10||The Recommended programming language is python but C, C++, Python, ruby are pre-installed.||Arduino uses Arduino, C/C++.|
How to decide between Raspberry Pi and Arduino
So to decide between the two, first you should know what you want to do in your project.
- From above discussion we can understand that Arduino is good for repetitive tasks such as opening the garage door, switching the lights on and off.
- While pi good for performing multiple tasks, driving complicated robots.
- For example, if you want to monitor the soil moisture and mail me if it is necessary to water the plants.For this application, arduino can be used.
- But if you want to monitor the moisture, mail me when the plants need to be watered and check the weather report from online.If there is rain do nothing. For this application Raspberry pi required.
- In simple Arduino is used for beginners projects and some complicated projects can be easily handled by pi.
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- Arduino ESP32 support on Windows and Ubuntu